AIP-3 Summary

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Engineering Reports(ERs)

Demonstration Videos

Demonstration videos can be accessed and viewed here, including

Contributions to GEOSS Best Practices Wiki  

Highlights of the AIP-3 Engineering Reports have been captured on the GEOSS Best Practices Wiki.  

For more Information:



Energy Engineering Report


Scope: This scenario intends to provide spatial information on the life cycle environmental impacts of the production of photovoltaic electricity. As the production of energy is a major contributor to Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emissions, decision makers and policy planners need a better knowledge of the impacts on environment induced by the various technologies used for energy production, in order to select the most appropriate technologies. Renewable energies do contribute to the reduction of GHG compared to fossil fuels. The scenario focuses on the assessment of such impacts for photovoltaic systems by a proper exploitation of data available within GEOSS.

Point of Contact Editor: Lionel Menard, MINES ParisTech

Contributing Editors: Isabelle Blanc, Didier Beloin- Saint-Pierre, Roland Hischier, Steven Smolders, Marc Gilles, Simone Gianfranceschi, Manfred Mittlboeck, Bernhard Vockner

The final document



Disaster Management Engineering Report


Scope: The Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) Phase 3 Architecture Implementation Pilot(AIP-3) Disaster Management Scenario describes a Reference Scenario to response to any type of disaster. An implementation of this Reference Scenario for the specific case of the flooding disaster management has been deployed by GIS.FCU integrating GEOSS standard components and services to supply the near- real-time dispatching for emergency vehicle during the response phase.

Point of Contact Editor: Arnaud Cauchy, SPOT IMAGE

Contributing Editors: Lan-Kun(Peter )Chung, Arnaud Cauchy

The final document



E-Habitat Engineering Report


Scope: This AIP-3 Engineering Report (ER) will briefly describe the “eHabitat Use Scenario” developed by the Climate Change and Biodiversity WG. This ER describes how the scenario was implemented and integrated in GEOSS Common Infrastructure. The architecture of the developed systems is described, focusing on the GEOSS standard components and services utilized by the demonstration. Persistent Exemplars services identified are listed.

Point of Contact Editor: S. Nativi, CNR

Contributing Editors: S. Nativi, M. Santoro, G. Dubois

The final document



Arctic SDI Engineering Report


Scope: This AIP-3 ER will describe the user scenario entitled "Arctic Climate and Weather Forecast Model Visualization Scenario." This scenario demonstrated publishing, discovery, and visualization of weather and climate data through GEOSS, highlighted value of geospatial standards common to Spatial Data Infrastructures – as layers of interest to a conceptual Arctic SDI, and supported end-user desktop visualization of complex climate and weather models for decision support in the Arctic region. The architecture, workflow of the developed system is presented; the standards-based GEOSS components and services are highlighted, along with our lessons learned.

Point of Contact Editor: Douglas D. Nebert, USGS/ FGDC

Contributing Editors: Yuqi Bai, Xuanang Cheng, Doug Nebert, Ben Domenico

The final document



Water Quality and Drought Engineering Report


Scope: This is an overview and documentation for implementation of drought monitoring at regional and global levels as demonstration projects through the Group on Earth Observations System of Systems (GEOSS), an effort that has involved the GEO Architecture and Data Committee through the Architectural Implementation Pilot (AIP) Water and Drought Working Group and the Scientific Officer for Water of the GEO Secretariat (through the Global Drought Monitoring Initiative), and as well as the long-standing interest in drought within the Integrated Global Water Cycle Observations (IGWCO) Community of Practice. To increase the accessibility of this report, the first section oversees how parts of drought monitoring systems utilized by drought monitoring community of practice member systems were selected for inclusion into the global drought monitoring system. The second section illustrates how these selected systems implemented using informatics techniques within the Global Earth Observation System of System (GEOSS) architecture. The second section also highlights the Semantic Web techniques currently being utilized within GEOSS, and how ontology-enabled semantic techniques can be used to organize information within the Water Societal Benefit Area, both in the decision support services, such as drought monitoring, as well as additional roles, such as organizing the information accumulated within the Global Terrestrial Network on Hydrology (GTN-H) datasets. The second section then concludes with a brief overview of the informatics of the global drought monitor portal, via web-based, real-time (RT) Geographic Information Service (GIS), combined with a distributed database, used for meteorological and hydrologic alerts.

Point of Contact Editor: See Document

Contributing Editors: C. Fugazza, M.J. Brewer,M. Santoro, S. Nativi, B.Lee, W.Pozzi

The final document



Air Quality Engineering Report


Scope: This Engineering Report describes how the Air Quality Workgroup used and tested the GEOSS Common Infrastructure (GCI) in order to register, discover, and access datasets relevant to air quality management during AIP Phase 3. The air quality data used in working with the GCI during AIP-2 were OGC WMS, WCS and SOS services.

Point of Contact Editor: Stefan Falke, Northrop Grumman

Contributing Editors: Stefan Falke, Erin Robinson, Christoph Stasch, Scott Fairgrieve

The final document



Data Harmonization Engineering Report


Scope: This Architecture Implementation Pilot, Phase 3 Engineering Report (AIP-3 ER) reflects a set of Data Harmonization requirements, gathered from GEOSS AIP scenarios and use cases, and emphasized in the context of the registration process of contributed resources to the GEOSS Common Infrastructure (GCI). As a result, the report underlines the prominent role of quality assurance procedures and quality measurements encodings for the development of interoperable, service-based, community applications that aim at supporting the combination of multiple source data products in a coherent way, so the resulting products are known reliable to a usage domain. Potential impacts and benefits of the provided Data Harmonization requirements and recommendations are presented through both the GEOSS content-oriented discovery facility and the GEOSS web-based assess and access mechanisms, as offered to the end-users known from the several GEO Societal Benefit Areas.

Point of Contact Editor: H.Caumont, ERDAS / OGC

Contributing Editors: Hervé Caumont, Erin Robinson, Dan Cornford, Peter Walker, Giuseppe Ottavianelli, Brad Lee, Andrew Woolf, Ken McDonald, Nigel Fox

The final document



Semantics and Ontology Engineering Report


Scope: This document summarizes the outcome of the first exploratory use of semantics (the new integrative technologies being deployed over the world wide web) to provide more user-friendly, seamless integration across cross-cutting activities within the Group on Earth Observation (GEO) Societal Benefit Areas (SBAs). The Biodiversity and Drought thematic areas were directly addressed. The Group on Earth Observations System of Systems (GEOSS) is a multinational endeavor including members with hundreds of different languages. Semantics offers capabilities to preserve the underlying concepts—such as drought—within all these languages. Semantics also provides the capability to automate the process of finding the exact information that the user needs. The semantic activities within GEO are, partly, the activities being undertaken to develop the Semantic Network Dictionary and associated gazetteer activity (see below) and, partly, the semantic enrichment of the Discovery Augmentation Component (GIDAC) of the EuroGEOSS discovery broker. The water (and developing biodiversity) ontology is bridging both of these efforts. This semantics activity is critical, because GEOSS is a global system, involving scientific (hydrologic) variables collected within multiple countries having multiple languages, as well as geographic place names within multiple languages for the same place. The GEO semantic activity includes the development of the semantic network dictionary to bridge multiple scientific disciplines. The counterpart Joint Research Center- Italian National Research Council semantic development occurs within the existing framework of selection of the drought, biodiversity, and forestry focal areas by the European Community. The semantic network dictionary is proposed as a trans-disciplinary dictionary.

Point of Contact Editor: Cristiano Fugazza European Commission, JRC-IES

Contributing Editors: Cristiano Fugazza, Masahiko Nagai

The final document


AIP-3-Energy-Scenario-ER-FINAL.pdf5.83 MB
CC&ArcticSDI_1.0.pdf1.82 MB
GEOSS_AIP3-DisasterManagement_EngineeringReport-v1.4-final.pdf3.8 MB
CCBio-eHabitat-ER-v2.0-FINAL.pdf3.69 MB
20110128_AIP_DHWG_ER v1.0 FINAL.pdf1.91 MB
GEO_AIP_Drought_and_Water_v2.pdf5.79 MB
AIP3_SBA_ER_AQH_Draftv1.4 FINAL.pdf4.53 MB
AIPscenario_Semantics_1.5 FINAL.pdf2.75 MB